On the 27th of August 2005 atomic icebreaker “Yamal” took off from Murmansk’s port and headed to the North Pole. The route of the icebreaker passed through Barenz Sea, the islands of archipelago Franz-Joseph Land and the Arctic Ocean.
In 3 days we started seeing ice fields and met the first iceberg. On September 1st the icebreaker arrived at the North Pole. As planned, the expedition members spent a day at the North Pole. On the 2nd of September icebreaker set off on the journey back home.
September 5th were dedicated to stopping on the islands of the archipelago Franz - Joseph. The expedition made several trips on the helicopter to some of the islands, including island Champ and Cape Flora. Twelve days later, on the 8th of September 2005 the expedition ended in the port of Murmansk.
88 people, headed by E.D Marchenko on the icebreaker "Yamal" came to the northernmost point of the planet. What does one feel when all the earth rotates and all the meridians converge underneath their feet? "The most remarkable thing during the journey to the North Pole was, of course, time ... Sunclock did not work. Sun circled its horizon and it was a constant day, which was also surprising to many. We're used to divide the time at least in two parts: day and night ... but here... day, day, day.
We visited a large number of islands, flying by helicopter from the icebreaker. An indelible impression was made by swimming in the water meadow, made by the icebreaker, which also incredibly surprised the ship crew. They're used to a maximum of ten people go into the ocean ice, but here everyone swam with great pleasure, touched with hands our Yamal, constantly smiling in all 33 teeth, and returned, having received great pleasure.
To the North Pole people were invited from different places, and of course, they had different behavioral structures, different attitudes, different bases, which sometimes irritated by each other. And very well! Fire of interpersonal friction started occurring, which was put out by the selection of rhythm: found a rhythm and got the exclusive pleasure. They did not have to compact and increase conflicts between each other, as the method of RHYTHM which allows to express yourself and confess honestly.
Same happened with fear, same was with a grievance, same was with everything, everything that was described by "Ritmomery”[Rythmo-arrangements]. Ritmomery were accepted at the North Pole as real, and people were happy with each other. Expedition to the happy YOU to the order, which was set by the rhythms and unnoticeably removed crudeness and foolishness of the expressions of each being. The illusion of YOU was pleasantly ran through. Proud of themselves, proud of selve’s deeds, the participants were celebrating and living the holiday at the top of the world...” (E.D Marchenko "Candid Acquaintance. Part 4”)
North Pole - is the northernmost point (the top of the world), in which the axis of Earth’s rotation surfaces. At this point the sun goes around the horizon in a circle, without disappearing for 6 months of the year, and then the dusk comes and night lasts for the next 6 months. Regardless of the direction you decide to take from this point, you will be moving south are in any case. Since the Earth completes its full rotation in 24 hours, the speed of rotation at the North Pole will be quite low, whereas speed at the equator will be about 1650 miles per hour.
North Pole is the intersection point of all of the meridians and the connection point of all of the timezones. There time, distributed over the planet, is concentrated and visible. No local time exists there. All time zones can be passed by in a few seconds. For one foot it can be noon meanwhile for the other one it’s midnight. Therefore, the relativity of time is as visible as it can be and, paradoxically, it is the place where you can clearly feel the absolute.
The North Pole is located in the central part of the Arctic Ocean, where the depth does not exceed 4000 meters. Powerful perennial pack ices drift all year round at the North Pole. Average winter temperature of around -40 ° C in the summer is mainly around 0 ° C.
FRANS- IOSIF LAND The archipelago in the north of the Barenz Sea is the area of the Russian Federation and is equal to 16,1 thousand square km. It includes about 190 islands and is divided into 3 parts: Eastern Part with the big islands of Vilchek Land and Gramm Bell, Central Part with numerous islands, Western Part with Georgy Land, the biggest island of the archipelago (high up to 620 meters). More than 85% of surface is covered with ice. On some islands there are polar stations and on Hase Island there is the Geophysical Laboratory (since 1957) named after Krenkel E.T. Franc-Iosif Land was discovered in 1873 by the Austrian and Hungarian Expedition Yu. Pajer and K.Vaiprechta and was named after Frans-Iosif I, Emperor of Austria and Hungary.
Charmp Island is part of the Arctic Archipelago and Frans-Iosif Land. The Island is special with unique forms of relief created by wind, icy domes of glaciers and spherical and ideally round stones. These round stones are of different sizes the diameter of which can vary from a few centimeters up to a few meters. Genesis of these spherical creations is not quite clear but there are a huge number of theories to justify it. This unique feature of the landscape of Frans-Iosif Land is the thing which makes it often be called “Moon Archipelago”.
Flora Cape is situated on Nordbrook Island. It was discovered in 1880 by the expedition headed by Li Smith which had to stay for winter on the island after the steam yacht «Aira» had been squeezed by glaciers and had been sunk in close vicinity to the seacoast. The longest expedition and the expedition which had the most number of researches was made by Jackson in 1894–97. He even managed to found a township the ruins of which are still now on the island. In 1896 the island was a place of the famous meeting of Jackson and Nunsoone. On the Cape there are a few memorable poles installed there at different times to commemorate brave conquers of North Pole.
There is a big bird bazaar on the slopes looking out to south of Nordbrook Island over Flora Cape. On Goocker Island in Tikhaya Bay there is a huge Roobiny Rock. It is a unique nesting place for thousands arctic birds where they can hatch their eggs.
The astronomical peculiarities
The coordinates of the North Pole are 90? of latitude, and there is no formal longitude. In fact, the North Pole is a point that can be of any meridian.
At the North Pole stars, planets and the Sun are at constant height above the horizon, regardless of the rotation of the Earth. The twenty-four-hour orbital motion of celestial bodies are parallel to the horizon.
Day and night on the pole last of 182.5 days. Meanwhile, day and night interchange only due to the rotation of the Earth around the Sun, not by Earth’s rotation on its axis.
Maximum height of the sun above the horizon at the pole does not exceed the declination of the sun at the summer solstice: approximately 23.25 degrees. This is relatively little.
The celestial equator to the North Pole coincides with the horizon line. All stars to the north of the celestial equator don’t set while all of the southern stars do not rise because there is no change in the height of the stars above the horizon. At the zenith there is North Star (or rather - the North Pole of the world), and at the nadir is the South Pole of the world. The height of stars above the horizon is equal to their decline.